What can cause nails to become thick and ridged?

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What Causes Nails to Become Thin and Ridged?

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If your nails are growing thick and ridged, you may be dealing with a fungal infection or a benign skin condition. However, if the condition persists or worsens over time, you should seek medical attention. The causes of thick nails and tips to deal with them are listed below. You may also want to read this article if you have a fungal infection.


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Onychomycosis diagnosis is based on several factors, including a person’s age, immune system, and health status. Other risk factors include poor health, aerobic and fitness activities, and immune suppression. Other symptoms include elevated nail plate, ridged or thickened nails, or both. Depending on the cause of the infection, diagnosis may be made by examining the nail plate, and local treatment may include nail plate trimming or debridement of subungual tissue. The more invasive treatment involves systemic therapy but has a long list of side effects, toxicity, and drug interactions.

Fungal infection of the nail unit is called onychomycosis and is characterized by ridges, discoloration, and crumbling at the edge. It can also be widespread, affecting several nails. Initially, it will be inconspicuous and not require treatment. However, it will become more profound if untreated, and the nail may become weak and fall off. Onychomycosis is sometimes mistaken for an athlete’s foot, caused by fungus between the toes.

People with toenail fungus usually present a history of gradual discoloration and thickening of the nail. People with toenails are especially susceptible to onychomycosis. Fungal culture and potassium hydroxide examination may also help confirm the diagnosis.

Various clinical subtypes of onychomycosis are caused by fungi causing infection in the nail bed and plate. Aside from discoloration, other symptoms include nail pits and brittleness.

Proximal subungual onychomycosis is a chronic fungus affecting the toenail. Infection can affect the sides, soles, and interdigital spaces of the foot, especially if a person wears shoes with moccasins. Proximal subungual onychomycosis can spread from one person to another, resulting in spreading the disease to other toes.


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People with psoriasis may notice a yellow-red patch in the nail bed, which looks like an oil drop under the nail plate. They may also see a red lunula at the bottom of the nail, resulting from dilated blood vessels. These reddish-purple lines are known as splinter hemorrhages. Other symptoms of psoriasis include yellow-brown discoloration of the nail and crumbly, thick, and ridged nails.

Nail psoriasis may also cause blood spots under the nail called splinter hemorrhages. These are tiny, several millimeter-long blemishes. The pin can be thick and ridged with psoriatic skin cells underneath. Treatment options for nail psoriasis depend on the type of nail disorder and the severity of symptoms. In some cases, the symptoms of nail psoriasis may require treatment by a rheumatologist.

To reduce the severity of nail psoriasis, you should avoid doing any activities that can irritate your skin or nails. Cotton gloves under your nails will prevent a rash or a severe flare-up. Keeping your nails short will minimize the trauma that daily tasks may cause. Furthermore, avoiding sharp objects to clean your nails can also help prevent any buildup underneath the nails.

In addition to being contagious, nail fungus can look similar to psoriasis. The difference is essential, as the two conditions can cause similar symptoms. While nail fungus is a fungal infection, psoriasis does not cause dark patches in the nail. People with psoriasis are usually older adults.

While the underlying cause of psoriasis is unknown, the condition is believed to be caused by a problem with the immune system. The T cells responsible for defending the body attack healthy skin cells, triggering more growth. While there is no cure for psoriasis, various treatment options can help patients with their symptoms. Some treatments involve topical applications of corticosteroids and retinoids. Other therapies involve light therapy that utilizes ultraviolet light. While some patients have reported success, this is not a reliable solution for everyone.

Treatment options for nail psoriasis are multifaceted, ranging from topical antifungal treatments to oral antifungal drugs. In some cases, removing the infected nail is required since it can further spread the fungus. Depending on the severity of the disease, the doctor may recommend systemic therapy. If these treatments do not control the symptoms, further treatment may be necessary.

Chronic paronychia

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The natural history of paronychia is quite complicated. The infection may be treated at home if you are not a genetic risk. Soaking the nails in warm water can relieve the symptoms of the condition is mild. Then, clean your hands thoroughly with an antibacterial soap and hand cream. If you experience severe symptoms, a healthcare provider may recommend systemic therapy or surgery.

Acute paronychia is caused by a bacterial agent that has contaminated the nail folds. The bacterial agent that causes this infection is most often introduced by trauma, such as biting the nails or using a manicurist’s instrument. On the other hand, chronic paronychia is caused by bacteria, Candida yeast, or excessive moisture. Acute paronychia usually develops within a few weeks.

Acute paronychia is a type of dermatitis caused by bacteria that penetrate the folds of the nail. Symptoms of acute paronychia include pain, swelling, and redness in the nail folds. Severe cases may also produce pus. For both types of paronychia, prevention is critical. The treatment may be as simple as avoiding irritants such as soap and detergents or a more drastic approach such as surgical drainage.

If the inflammation is not treated, it may lead to an infection. Infections are common paronychia causes, but they can be treated by undergoing laser treatment. Treatment for chronic paronychia is essential, as any untreated infection could lead to severe infection and cause permanent damage to your nails. If you suspect you have chronic paronychia, seek a medical professional immediately.

In rare cases, chronic paronychia may be caused by an autoimmune disorder or infection. Psoriasis affects both the skin and the nails. Psoriasis of the nail can cause the nails to become thick and ridged or may separate from the nail bed entirely. In severe cases, the condition may be caused by repeated infections or improper trimming of the nails.

Nail fungus

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If you have a fungus infection on your toenails, you might be wondering how to cure it. Fungus in your nails can be painful and challenging to manage and, if left untreated, can lead to other problems. Thick, ridged nails are uncomfortable to walk on, but they can also contribute to secondary infections. A doctor can prescribe medications to help alleviate these problems.

To cure nail fungus, you need to identify the source of the infection. You can take a specific test to see if the cause is nail fungus or an underlying condition. Antifungal medications are an option to treat the disease. However, they come with a risk of side effects, so you should talk to a medical provider before taking any medication. Depending on the extent of the infection, the treatments may take months or even years.

A doctor may also diagnose you with onychomycosis by checking for other areas’ other diseases or conditions. Despite the name, the fungus is caused by several organisms, but Candida and Yeast are the most common culprits. The state is characterized by ridged nails with discoloration. It is also possible to have thick and ridged nails due to twenty-nail dystrophy.

Yellow nail syndrome is another possible cause of thick toenails. Patients with this disease may have yellowish, slightly curled, or thick yellow toenails. The condition may also affect the fingers. People with diabetes have higher chances of developing fungal infections of the toenails. The best way to prevent it is to take care of the infection early. When it has progressed, it may spread and become difficult to treat.

If the condition has progressed to the thickened nails being uncomfortable, you should consult a doctor. Home remedies for toenail fungus include using a urea cream to soften the nails. You can apply the urea cream at night after filing the nails. You can also use a topical solution of tea tree oil to control the growth of the fungus.

What is the Cause and Cure For Brittle Nails?

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Several factors can lead to dry, brittle nails, such as a lack of calcium or iron. These factors may be due to poor nutritional habits, constant changes in water temperatures, or lacquer used. Learn more about the causes and remedies for brittle nails below. And remember to get your hands on a cure as soon as possible! We are just a phone call away.

Low calcium levels

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If you notice brittle nails, it could be that your calcium levels are low. This is a potentially serious medical condition called hypocalcemia. It can also be caused by other underlying medical conditions, including autoimmune diseases, genetics, or injury to the parathyroid gland. Your healthcare provider will likely ask you about any recent symptoms. It’s also important to know the causes and treatments for hypocalcemia.

When your calcium levels are low, you’ll notice brittle nails and coarse hair. You may also experience constipation, muscle cramps, and loss of electrolytes. A doctor can also order blood tests to determine if your body’s calcium levels are normal. If you’ve experienced any of these symptoms, a calcium supplement may be the cure for your brittle nails.

A low calcium diet can also be a contributing factor to brittle nails. Nails are made from keratin protein, which contains calcium deposits. Lack of calcium will result in brittle, dry fingernails that crack and split quickly. Even worse, your nails will grow slower, making them more prone to cracking and splitting. This condition is easily treatable if detected early enough.

Another possible cause of low calcium is acute renal failure. If you have acute renal failure, your body will not produce enough calcium. Transfusions of citrated blood will also reduce your calcium levels. This simple cure for brittle nails is worth the try! You can even find it at your local health food store.

Iron deficiency

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Symptoms of iron deficiency can appear in fingernails. If they are soft, they can indicate iron deficiency anemia or other health problems. Iron is essential for transporting oxygen in the body, a vital function. It also helps maintain hair, skin, and nails. Hence, it is necessary to supplement your diet with enough iron.

When an individual is frail, their body does not produce enough hemoglobin, a substance that carries oxygen to the rest of the body. A common symptom of anemia is fatigue. Brittle, spoon-shaped nails are another symptom of anemia. Diagnosis is simple – all you need to get is a blood test. If the blood tests reveal that you’re anemic, you’ll need to eat more iron-rich foods. Good sources of iron include lean meats, spinach, raisins, and beans.

If you’re wondering how to get rid of brittle nails, you need to first consult a physician. Your doctor can help you with additional treatments and determine the exact cause. Brittle nails can also result from too much exposure to moisture, such as when you use hand lotions or artificial nail applications. In general, people who are elderly or prone to brittleness should take extra care of their nails to prevent this condition. Also, you should get adequate protein in your diet to reduce the risk of developing brittle nails.

Many medical conditions can affect the shape of your nails, including hypothyroidism. A common symptom of hypothyroidism is brittle nails. An iron deficiency may also result in fatigue, headaches, and frequent infections. Although iron supplements are the primary cure for brittle nails, other causes are more complicated. Cancer treatments and iron deficiency are other possible causes. Symptoms of brittle nails include the following:

Too little moisture

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Brittle nails are weak and prone to chipping and breaking. They may also be a sign of an underlying problem, such as a vitamin deficiency. Luckily, these problems are generally treatable at home. Moisturizing and filing your nails regularly will help. And if you’re already suffering from brittle nails, here are some home remedies that may help. Read on to learn more about what causes brittle nails.

Too little moisture can also lead to brittle nails. In addition to dryness, too little humidity can cause your nails to develop ridges, common signs of deficiency. This condition can be caused by several factors, such as thyroid problems, iron deficiency, and aging. Brittle nails may also be a sign of iron deficiency or anemia. Luckily, vitamin D can help strengthen your nails. Taking vitamin D supplements or daily doses of sunlight can help as well.

You can help prevent brittle nails by eating foods rich in iron. Iron-rich foods include grass-fed beef, spinach, beans, and oysters. Some people also experience depression in their claws. If you suspect an iron deficiency, eat iron-rich foods, such as leafy greens, nuts, and legumes. And don’t forget to eat dark chocolate! A healthy diet can make all the difference in the world regarding healthy nails.

To reduce the risk of becoming brittle, try wearing gloves. This will protect your hands from overhydration and help keep harsh chemicals off your hands. Shorter nails will help prevent brittleness since they have a smaller surface area to absorb water and chemicals. Lastly, file your nails regularly to prevent them from breaking and chipping. Using an emery board regularly will help keep your nails smooth and healthy.


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There are several reasons to use nail lacquers for brittle nails:

  1. These products protect your nails from damage and moisture loss.
  2. They can improve your overall cosmetic results.
  3. Nail lacquers contain essential minerals, which may be difficult to obtain naturally.
  4. These products can be applied to your nail beds nightly.

Several clinical trials are currently underway. A few are a few weeks or more away from completion.

Prescription brittle nail treatments are often lacquers that contain unique ingredients for treating brittle nails. The formula comprises hydroxypropyl chitosan, which penetrates the nail’s surface ridges and intercellular spaces, providing both chemical and physical support. Other ingredients in these lacquers include marine algae extract, wheat germ, and sunflower oil. Vitamin A and E are added to help restore your nails’ protein content.

The primary clinical manifestation of brittle nails is a rough, soft, and crispy surface. It is often associated with a low keratin and water content. It may also be caused by an unbalanced diet, continuous use of chemicals, traumas to the nail plate, and inadequate footwear. Regardless of the cause, the effects of brittle nails are significant. Brittle nails can be painful, especially if you catch anything with your fingers.

A recent study of nail lacquer with HPCH improved nail structure and appearance in subjects. HPCH was more effective than chitosan-based lacquers and showed a smoothing effect on the nails. In fact, HPCH was more effective than P-09-005 for reducing the severity of a genetic disorder of the nails.


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The best treatment for brittle nails depends on the cause. Whether environmental, genetic, or mental, brittle nails are often a sign of an underlying condition. Your doctor can help you determine whether it is due to a nutritional deficiency or thyroid problem. Symptoms and treatments may vary depending on the cause, but a proper diagnosis is essential. Brittle nails may also sign an underlying condition such as iron deficiency, hypothyroidism, or thyroid disease.

Some treatments for brittle nails may involve using specific nail-care products. Some contain vitamin supplements or oils, and some strengthen nails with particular nutrients. These products provide a protective coating that can help heal and protect nails from splitting, peeling, or breaking. These products often include extra nutrition that the body needs, such as vitamin A and C. The benefits of these treatments are usually short-lived, but they are worth trying.

Many causes of brittle nails include excessive exposure to water or chemicals, frequent hand washing, prolonged contact with cold water, and nail polish removal. These causes may co-occur, such as a diet deficiency or anemia. Exposure to chlorine, household cleaners, or nail polish remover may result in dry, brittle nails. These conditions can be exacerbated by injuries. A good treatment for brittle nails is a combination of the above methods.

Another treatment for brittle nails consists of moisturizing your hands. Exposure to water can cause brittle nails because it strips natural moisture from the skin. Therefore, it is good to stay hydrated and moisturize your hands frequently to prevent breakage. Another effective treatment for brittle nails is to wear dish gloves while washing dishes and make sure you moisturize your hands afterward. Moisturizing should often become habitual, reducing the risk of brittleness and softness.

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