What can cause nails to become thick and ridged?

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Causes of Thin and Ridged Nails

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There are many causes of thick and ridged nails, but most of them have nothing to do with the condition of your kidneys. Fungus, Psoriasis, Kidney failure, and even aging can cause this condition. Learn more about these conditions below. Then you can take the necessary steps to address your need. And remember, the sooner you start treating your situation, the better your chances of curing it are.


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If you’re wondering why your toenails are becoming thick and ridged, it may be due to a fungus. The fungus lives under the nail bed, and a moist environment is prone to infection. It feeds on dead and living skin cells and grows to become thick and ridged. If left untreated, this infection can progress and make walking uncomfortable. Furthermore, if left untreated, the infection can spread to other parts of your body and contribute to secondary infections.

The diagnosis of onychomycosis requires a biopsy or culture. The nail specimen should be broken into two sections, one for culture and one for microscopy. The culture of fungal particles in nails requires a laboratory setting, which requires specialized equipment and time. Moreover, direct microscopy cannot distinguish pathogens from pathogens, and the results are not always accurate. A higher percentage of false-negative marks is required to determine fungus.

To avoid developing this condition, people should be careful when walking barefoot in public areas, especially locker rooms and showers. Keeping shoes dry is also essential. If the toenails are thick and ridged, they are likely due to a fungal infection. Some people may also experience these symptoms due to trauma, repeated injury, or ill-fitting shoes. However, this is unlikely to cause your thick and ridged nails.

Luckily, there are effective ways to treat toenail fungus. Using topical treatments, such as Vicks VapoRub, snakeroot extract, or tea tree oil can help you treat toenail fungus and keep them healthy. However, you should be aware that it may recur. To prevent it from happening again, you should regularly wash your feet with a solution containing antifungal powder.

The main problem is that antifungal medications have limited effectiveness in treating onychomycosis. Most available drugs are aimed at dermatophytes and do not penetrate the nail plate. The newer agents are better at targeting this fungus. These drugs also have better safety profiles. But, despite their success, these drugs still have a long treatment time, and this can reduce compliance and overall efficacy.


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In addition to nail psoriasis, the condition can affect the skin, causing the nails to be thick and ridged. In some cases, this condition may cause sores on the pin to not heal. People with a weakened immune system may experience these sores. To minimize the damage to the nail bed, keep the nails short. This will reduce trauma during everyday activities such as walking or performing daily tasks. Keeping nails short will also help discourage buildup underneath them, as well.

Patients with psoriasis may also notice a yellow or pink patch in the nail bed, which looks like a drop of oil on the nail plate. Occasionally, the nails may develop a small white dot called a leukonychia. Splinter hemorrhages are red lines formed underneath the nail and can be a sign of bacterial endocarditis. Eventually, the pin will crumble, making it difficult to walk.

People with psoriasis should avoid irritating areas, including the nails. Injections of corticosteroids into the affected nail may cause a flare. This procedure is not recommended for most people. Keeping your nails clean and dry is essential in reducing the risk of infection. Avoid using nail polish to protect your nails. Fancy nails can make it worse.

Symptoms of psoriasis are similar to symptoms of arthritis. Some people have mild or moderate cases, while others have a severe and chronic diseases. People with mild psoriasis may be able to live with their condition for a long time. However, people with severe psoriasis should seek medical attention for proper treatment. It is essential to follow the advice of a doctor, but patients must also ask questions to ensure they are receiving the best care possible.

Treatments for psoriasis can include oral prescription medications and topical treatments. These medications are often prescribed with other therapies to treat the condition. The medicines used in these treatments vary in their effectiveness. If these treatments fail to relieve the symptoms, a dermatologist may prescribe systemic therapy for more severe cases. Despite its long-term effects, systemic therapy can help with the condition.


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While onychomycosis is generally a benign condition, it can be complicated by secondary bacterial infections and localized pain. Patients who opt for systemic treatment should be carefully monitored for adverse reactions and educated about the length of time for nail growth. Oral antifungal drugs can have drug-related severe side effects and should only be used when the culture-confirmed diagnosis is present.

Various antifungal drugs are available for onychomycosis. Among the more effective medications are itraconazole, fluconazole, and terbinafine. These agents should be taken for at least 12 weeks. Alternatively, they may be administered once a week for 6-12 months. A physician may also recommend periodic nail debridement.

During onychomycosis, the fungi invade the nail plate and cause thick, ridged, and brittle nails. Different clinical subtypes of onychomycosis result in various symptoms. Both types produce white, yellow, or red patches, although the latter is easier to detect. If the fungus spreads to other parts of the nail plate, it may lead to a secondary infection.

The nails can become brittle, discolored, and lift in some severe cases. In addition, the abnormal thickness of nails can cause other complications, such as soft tissue breakdown, infection, and subungual ulceration. Depending on the severity, patients may experience symptoms of osteomyelitis, which can cause permanent disability. They will need to wear protective footwear and carefully take care of their nails.

In the initial stages, affected individuals will present with a gradual discoloration and thickening of the nails. Runners and basketball players are also at risk for onychomycosis. A physical examination will reveal onycholysis and hyperkeratosis in the nail bed. Fungal culture and potassium hydroxide examination are recommended to confirm the diagnosis. If you suspect a fungal infection, the first step in treatment is to consult a dermatologist.

In severe cases, the toenail may discolor and lift from the nail bed and become painful. People who suffer from this condition are usually in humid climates and should keep their feet clean and dry. If the infection is left untreated, it can lead to secondary infections in severe cases. Onychomycosis can also lead to hair loss and leg swelling, signs of a deeper problem.

Kidney failure

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It is not uncommon for patients with chronic kidney disease to develop half-and-half nails. This is known as the “Terry syndrome” and is often associated with an irregular distal band of less than 20% of the total nail length. Half-and-half nails are commonly seen in individuals suffering from renal failure. However, the condition may also occur in individuals with other diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, Behcet’s disease, and pellagra citrullinemia.

Other causes include hypoalbuminemia and chronic renal failure. In some cases, nail discoloration is a sign of lupus, but it is not shared. Some medications, such as mepacrine, can cause fingernails to become discolored. Other conditions that can cause fingernails to become discolored are liver cirrhosis and thyroid disease.

If you notice changes in your nails, consult a physician immediately. Your physician can order blood tests, urine tests, and nutritional tests to rule out underlying medical problems. If you notice the nails getting thicker and ridged, they might indicate kidney failure. You should visit a dermatologist for other signs, such as a rash. A dermatologist can analyze the clippings of your nails to see if there are any signs of infection or disease.

Aside from kidney failure, regular handwashing is another condition that can cause these ridges in the nails. These medications cause your nails to become more vulnerable to infection and prevent your nails from growing. Aside from these causes, you should also visit a doctor if you notice ridges in your nails and other symptoms. If they persist for more than six weeks, it is time to visit your doctor for a complete diagnosis.

What is the Cause and Cure For Brittle Nails?

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There are many reasons why a person’s nails might be brittle. They may be suffering from conditions like Anemia, Hypothyroidism, or even lack of moisture. But, in most cases, the cause of brittle nails isn’t a specific disease. If you are looking for a treatment, here are some tips to help you:


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Brittle nails can be caused by anemia. If you are anemic, your nails will be flat, discolored, and in some cases, disfigured. Repleting iron in your diet will restore your nails to their normal health. 

Anemia affects the absorption of minerals in the body. This mineral is required for proper blood formation. Without enough hemoglobin, your blood cannot carry oxygen. Anemia can be caused by iron deficiency. Sometimes, an imbalance of thyroid hormones can affect the body’s ability to absorb nutrients. If your nails are brittle, they may split away from your nail bed. Age also affects the strength of your nails. They naturally lose muscle as you age.

When iron levels are low, red blood cells are not produced. Your body needs red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body. When your blood lacks hemoglobin, you will have brittle nails. These nails may even be spoon-shaped or flat. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, your doctor will likely perform a blood test. Treatment for anemia can include iron-rich foods. Lean meats, spinach, raisins, and beans are excellent sources of iron.

Besides iron deficiency, brittle nails can also be caused by hypothyroidism or thyroid problems. Your doctor may prescribe vitamin supplements and/or a diet rich in vitamin E or folic acid. Vitamin E and A supplements are essential in the treatment of this condition. Your doctor will also help you make a lifestyle change to improve your health and keep your nails healthy.

Lack of moisture

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While lack of moisture can also contribute to brittle nails, you can take steps to prevent brittleness. Changing your diet to include more fruits and vegetables and incorporating more protein into your daily diet can help. Adding natural cuticle oils, such as vitamin E and flaxseed oil, to your nails may also be beneficial. A multivitamin that contains biotin may also help.

If you’ve noticed brittle nails lately, there’s a good chance you may have an underlying medical condition that’s affecting the health of your nails. Hypothyroidism and iron deficiency are common causes of brittle nails. A doctor can help you diagnose the condition’s root and recommend a treatment plan. You can also try taking biotin supplements and wearing cotton-lined gloves.

The most common internal cause of brittle nails is iron deficiency. Iron is essential for maintaining healthy nail growth and health. An iron deficiency can also contribute to brittle nails. Another cause of brittle nails is a lack of biotin, Vitamin B7. Some people are more likely to develop brittle nails if they are chronically dehydrated or drink too much alcohol.

Over-washing is another factor that contributes to dry hands and nails. Waterless hand sanitizers often contain alcohol, which dries the skin and nails. To avoid this problem, try wearing gloves whenever you need to wash your hands. If you’re using hot water, gloves can prevent your hands from drying out. In addition, avoiding touching the nails while using water will reduce cracking and splitting.


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If you have brittle nails, you could have hypothyroidism. In addition to dryness and crumbling, you could also experience other disease symptoms. These include hair loss, thinning eyebrows, poor memory, weight gain, and depression. In addition, hypothyroidism affects the overall shape of your nails and can cause your nails to become flat and spoon-like in the body.

Hypothyroidism can also cause brittle nails or onycholysis, which is the splitting and crumbling of the nails. Hypothyroid patients also suffer from ridges on their fingernails. If your nails have split or grinding, it’s essential to visit a doctor and get your thyroid tested. If you are suffering from brittle nails, you’ll want to consider hypothyroidism as a possible cause.

The thyroid gland sends hormones that trigger the growth of hair and nails. The thyroid gland is responsible for regulating these processes, and if your is underactive, your nails may become dry and brittle. While treatments are available to treat hypothyroidism, you should first learn about the symptoms. Once you’ve diagnosed hypothyroidism, you’ll have a much easier time addressing these issues.

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that releases hormones that control the burning of calories, energy, and weight. Symptoms of this condition include changes in your skin, hair, and sweat gland secretion. If the condition is not treated, it could worsen the situation. A doctor should check the thyroid gland and prescribe medication to restore normal functions. The symptoms of hypothyroidism are more severe than nail brittleness.

Using hand sanitizer

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Using hand sanitizer as the cure for brittle nails has some adverse effects. This is because hand sanitizers contain alcohol, which dries out the skin and can cause the nails to become brittle. In addition to causing brittleness, alcohol can also inhibit the body’s ability to repair itself, leading to an accelerated rate of nail deterioration.

When you apply hand sanitizer to the skin, you should not forget to clean your hands first. This is because alcohol is known to stimulate the vanilloid receptor, which results in a burning and painful sensation. However, if you have an alcohol dehydrogenase deficiency, you should not use hand sanitizer.

Another common problem with hand sanitizers is that they can dry out the nail bed. This makes your nails prone to chipping and breaks. The best cure for brittle nails is to moisturize them frequently with hand creams. Use hand creams after removing your nail polish, and use hand cream regularly to protect your nails. If you don’t want to use hand cream, you should avoid using hand sanitizer on your hands. In fact, hand sanitizer can dry out your nails, leading to brittle nails.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can effectively kill microbes, including viruses and bacteria. However, they cannot replace the benefits of handwashing and soap. Hand sanitizers cannot remove all the substances on your hands, so proper application is necessary. For the alcohol to work effectively, the solution should be applied thoroughly to both hands. It is essential to rub the hands together after sanitizing to kill germs.

Lack of iron

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Brittle nails result from a lack of iron, which can lead to many health problems. Iron-deficient individuals often have flaky, dry, and ridged nails. Their claws may also develop vertical ridges, or “spoon”-like features. These symptoms can range from pale skin and muscle weakness to heart arrhythmias and cold hands and feet. Iron-deficient people should seek treatment for their brittle nails to prevent recurring problems.

Many nail disorders can cause brittle nails. A simple physical exam can diagnose an infection, which will require a prescription or over-the-counter antifungal medication. Other treatment options may include removing the affected nails to treat the cause. In some cases, a fungal infection can be a symptom of anemia, which causes brittle nails. Lack of iron can also lead to brittle nails when the cause is not a fungus.

Lack of iron is one of the most common causes of brittle nails. Without adequate iron, the pins can become split or peel away from the nail beds. These conditions can also affect other aspects of your health, including your skin and hair. Anemia can cause your nails to become dry and brittle and affect your mood, memory, and weight. Brittle nails may also be caused by a thyroid disorder.

Lack of iron is the leading cause of koilonychia. This condition is characterized by thin, concave nails. In infants and children, they often present as spoon-shaped. Adults can also develop koilonychia. However, treatment is available to prevent the future occurrence of brittle nails. And while the cause and cure for koilonychia are not entirely understood, it can be a contributing factor.

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